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The skin is an amazing organ. Not only does it protect the body, but it also serves as an amazing indicator of a person’s health, well-being, and age. The components that keep the skin supple and firm diminish over time. This leads to the skin becoming thinner and more fragile. There is also a noticeable reduction of hormone production. These all blend to create breaks in the skin that doctors call wrinkles.
It is interesting to note that under a microscope, a biopsy of a wrinkle shows no obvious signs that prove it to be a wrinkle. So, what truly is a wrinkle and what makes the skin look this way?
Doctors say that this is a multifaceted process. Surprisingly, aging is not seen as the main cause of wrinkles. The reduction of hormones aside, deep wrinkles are more associated with extrinsic factors. Mostly these are sun and environmental damage. Ultra-violet rays of both types strip away the natural protective layers of the skin, leading to an increased risk of burns and other damage. Diet and lifestyle play important roles as well. Regular use of tobacco or alcohol has been linked to less collagen production. Skin often takes a rough appearance, and it is common for people to have uneven tones, brown patches, and deep wrinkles.
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Stress is the number one factor in wrinkle formation. It is known that negative stress affects the entire body. People are more at risk of developing a disease when under severe stress. This translates to a weaker immune system that manifests itself in a wrinkled, elderly appearance. It is not uncommon for highly stressed people to look older than they really are.
There are over-the-counter creams that can be used. These products interact with the outer layers of the skin and are appropriate for mild wrinkle cases. For more severe cases, it is best to consult with a cosmetic surgeon.